It seems that in our society, many of them consider obesity/overweight is an issue of appearance or looks. But actually it is a medical issue because it has a huge effect on the person’s health. Diabetes and diseases related to the heart are the basic problems that arise from being overweight. There are chances of a person’s joints, breathing, sleep, mood, and energy level being affected by overweight.
So let us understand what overweight actually means.
When people consume more calories than they actually use, their bodies store those extra calories as fat. A small amount of fat is not a big issue but when the rate at which the fat consumed is burned down, is higher than the fat being consumed more and more fat keeps on getting accumulated in the body. Eventually, the body reaches a point where the health of the person starts getting affected by the fat that is accumulated in the body. This stage is what the doctors refer to as “overweight” or “obese”. This obesity affects people from all age group be it kids, teens and adults. Hence health problems that were found only in adults like diabetes and high blood pressure are also found in the younger generation as well.
Reasons for being overweight.
One of the reasons for being overweight might be a genetic issue. Apart from the influence of genes, the environment also plays a major role in the size and type of the body. Other major reasons that affect the weight of the body are intake on unhealthy and junk foods, eating habits like having food in front of the TV instead of having it on the dining table, high-calorie and low nutrition food intake and low-activity lifestyles. Consumption of food when a person is feeling upset, anxious, sad, stressed out and bored. In such situations, a person consumes more than his body requires.
Finding out if a person is Overweight.
The medical practitioners use a measure called BMI (Body Mass Index). The height and weight of the person are calculated in order to find out the BMI of the person. Since the muscle weighs more than the fat, it is possible that a person with good muscles, has high BMI and not too much fat and also the vice-versa.
Health issues of being overweight.
Obesity not only makes someone feel tired and uncomfortable, carrying extra weight puts added stress on the body, especially the bones and joints of the legs. Kids and teens who are overweight are more likely to develop diabetes and other health problems. Obesity-related health problems include Asthma, High-blood pressure, Sleep apnea (a serious condition where a person temporarily stops breathing during sleep), gallstones, fatty liver, Joint and muscle pain, and depression.